Abanindranath Tagore was one of the popular Indian painters and known as the principal artist and one of the inventors of 'Indian Society of Oriental Art'. He was the first major promoter of Swadeshi Movements and Values to be incorporated in Indian Art. His creations are influential and great assets Bengal School of Art. The paintings by Abanindranath Tagore have taken initiative to and had been the integral part for modern Indian paintings. Apart from painting Abanindranath Tagore was one of the popular children writers.
Abanindranath Tagore has modernized the painting styles of Mughals and Rajputs. This modernization became the influence for Western models of art and the style used to be taught in Art Schools under British Raj. That particular school was later named Bengal school of art. The Tagore's work was ultimately recognized and the paintings were endorsed as the Indian national style among British art institutions.
Abanindranath Tagore was born in Jorasanko(7 August 1871 – 5 December 1951) in Calcutta, India during British reign. His father was Gunendranath Tagore and his grandfather was Girindranath Tagore. Abanindranath Tagore was one of the popular members of the most popular Tagore family and the artist was one of the nephews of “World Port” Rabin dranath Tagore.
Later, in 1889 he got married to Suhasini Devi. His wife was a daughter of Bhujagendra Bhusan Chatterjee. She was a progeny of Prasanna Kumar Tagore.
Education & Work
Abanindranath Tagore has done his education from one of the reputed institutions of Calcutta named “Sanskrit College”. Then he decided to leave the organization and finally taken the admission for English classes at St. Xavier's College. He was known as one of the special students of English and he continued studying there for about a year and a half.
Tagore has also learned art and was always an art lover during his childhood days. He was inspired from one of the family members namely Rabindranath Tagore. He studied at Sanskrit College, Kolkata (Calcutta) in the 1880s. Apart from studies, when he was at the age of twenty years, he attended the Calcutta School of Art and learnt the usage of pastels and how pastels can be used as a tool to emote the expressions. His pastels teacher was O. Ghilardi. He simultaneously started learning oil painting from Charles Palmer,an European painter.
Western art was very materialistic in characters for Abanindranath Tagore. It was his strong belief that India should return to its own roots and traditions and Indians need to get into the spiritual values. According to some critics, Abanindranath Tagore’s some of the creations have the influence of Whistler's Aestheticism. There are some of the British art administrators, who were very sentimental of such ideas of Abanindranath Tagore. At that point of time the ideas regarding Hindu philosophy was coming to the light and those were very influential in the West, these ideas have also followed the blowout of the Theosophy movement. It was Abanindranath’s believe that entire globe should use Indian traditions and can undertake or should be adapted to opinioned these new values. These could have been helpful to promote the developing Indian culture.
There were several achievements of Abanindranath Tagore but the finest success of his was the Arabian Night's series which was painted in 1930.
Awards and Accolades
Abanindranath Tagore has received lots of accolades and awards. He was one of the painters in India, who’s paintings are been considered as assets for Indian arts and creativities.