What is Gouache Art?

A painting method known as "gouache" employs opaque watercolours to produce works of art with vivid colours and a flat, matte finish. Gouache paintings have been utilised by artists all over the world for millennia and are renowned for their versatility and special qualities. In this glossary, we'll look at some of the most important terminology and ideas in gouache art, such as the supplies and methods utilised, as well as some of the most well-known gouache painters in history.


  • Gouache paint: It is a sort of watercolour that is created using gum arabic as a binder, water, and opaque pigments. Water may be added to gouache paint, which is available in tubes or pans, to produce a variety of effects.
  • Watercolour paper: It is a specific kind of paper used for watercolour paintings. Usually thick and textured, watercolour paper has a rough or cold-pressed surface that aids in absorbing water and paint.
  • Brushes: A variety of brushes, including flat brushes for washes, round brushes for details, and fan brushes for blending, are needed for gouache art to achieve various results.


  • Layering: In gouache art, layering is one of the primary methods. This entails progressively adding layers of paint to the artwork in order to give it depth and substance.
  • Wet-on-wet: Another method employed in gouache art is wet-on-wet painting, which entails smearing wet paint onto wet paper to produce a fluid, flowing impression and smooth, blended edges.
  • Drybrush: Using the drybrush technique, you may give the paper's surface a dry, scratchy appearance by using a brush that is just a little bit moist.
  • Sgraffito: Sgraffito is a method that entails removing paint layers to reveal the paper beneath, giving the surface a rough appearance.

Renowned Gouache Painters

  • Paul Klee: A famous abstract and geometric artist from Switzerland, Paul Klee is well recognised for his work. He frequently used many colours of gouache to get a rich, textured appearance in his artwork.
  • Henri Matisse: Henri Matisse was a French painter who is renowned for his vibrant, emotive works. His well-known "cut-out" collages and other vivid, striking works of art were produced using gouache.
  • Winsor McCay: An American cartoonist and animator, Winsor McCay is renowned for his innovative contributions to the area of animation. He frequently utilised gouache to create the intricate, whimsical artworks that are still prized today in his cartoons and drawings.


For ages, artists have employed the flexible and distinctive painting method known as gouache. Gouache can be a gratifying medium to work with, giving a variety of methods and effects that may be utilised to produce gorgeous, bright artworks, whether you are a skilled artist or just starting out. You may begin investigating this intriguing and gratifying medium for yourself by becoming familiar with the essential supplies, methods, and artists related with gouache art.


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