Glossary

What is ROCOCO Art?

Rococo art refers to a decorative and ornate artistic style that flourished in Europe from the early 18th century to the mid-18th century. It emerged as a reaction against the formal and grand Baroque style and was characterized by its delicate and whimsical designs, pastel colors, and an emphasis on grace and charm. Here is a glossary of key terms associated with Rococo art:

  1. Pastoral: A genre of art that depicts rural or idyllic scenes, often with shepherdesses, shepherds, and nature as central themes. Pastoral scenes were popular in Rococo paintings.

  2. Fragonard, Jean-Honoré: A prominent Rococo painter known for his lighthearted and sensual subject matter. His works often featured playful, romantic, or erotic themes.

  3. Fête Galante: A type of Rococo painting depicting elegant outdoor entertainments, typically featuring aristocrats engaged in leisure activities such as picnics, dancing, or concerts.

  4. Boucher, François: An influential Rococo painter known for his mythological and pastoral scenes. His works are characterized by their softness, sensuality, and delicate color palette.

  5. Chinoiserie: A decorative style inspired by Chinese art and design, which became popular during the Rococo period. It often featured exotic landscapes, pagodas, and Chinese-inspired motifs.

  6. S-Curve: A sinuous and flowing curve often used in Rococo art and design. It can be found in the twisting poses of figures or in the curving lines of furniture and decorative elements.

  7. Roccaille: An ornamental motif consisting of delicate and asymmetric shell-like forms, foliage, and scrolling curves. It is a hallmark of Rococo decorative arts.

  8. Watteau, Antoine: A French Rococo painter credited with popularizing the fête galante genre. His works capture the elegant and romantic spirit of the Rococo era.

  9. Putti: Plump and often winged cherubic figures, frequently depicted in Rococo art. They symbolize innocence, love, and playfulness.

  10. Neoclassicism: A subsequent artistic movement that emerged in the late 18th century as a reaction against Rococo excesses. Neoclassical art aimed to revive classical Greek and Roman art and emphasized simplicity and order.

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